Sari Fabrics & Varieties

Sari Fabrics & Varieties

Sarees have taken the international fashion world by storm in recent years. They have evolved from being popular favorites, beloved by the masses, into an haute fashion item which can be worn for all kinds of occasions. One of the lesser known secrets about this trendy item is that it is available in a vast range of fabrics, with each sari fabric having its own set of unique selling points.

Every region of India offers a different style of saree fabric crafted and designed using ancient techniques perfected over many years by the rural artisans. On the other hand, these traditional techniques have also been embraced by big-name designers, who have come with innovative ways to incorporate them into designer sarees.

Sari Materials

The choice of sari material is crucial to the over-all look and feel of the saree. It affects the way the saree drapes over the body, the fall and pleating style, the types of embroidery and embellishments and the level of comfort for the wearer. The occasion for which the saree is needed can also be a key factor in selecting the fabric as some fabrics are inherently luxurious while others look better for casual events.


The most common saree material is cotton. This material is highly popular due to its comfort, breathability, and style. Commonly worn on an everyday basis by women of all ages, there are tremendous varieties even within this single fabric.


Silk is another beautiful Indian sari fabric. Though appearing in India relatively recently, silk sarees have become an integral part of Indian fashion. Here also there is a tremendous variety and depending on the weaving style, the way it has been treated, the type of decorations used, the type of raw materials used and many other such factors the over-all look and feel can be quite distinctive.

There are many fine versions of silk sarees, such as Gota, Tanjore, Patola, Jamavar, Dupion, Art and so on. There are also many beautiful mixed fabrics like silk on cotton, cotton on silk and silk on wool which combine the advantages of two fabrics in one saree.

Georgette, Chiffon, and Crepe

The more modern types of sarees material include georgette, chiffon, and crepe.

They are usually made of silk though artificial fabrics like rayon can also be used.

Georgette and chiffon are known for their soft, smooth and feminine feel while crepe has a unique crumpled texture.

More luxurious fabrics like organza, brocade, velvet, satin, and net are also popular saree fabric choices, especially for parties and special occasions. These have a high-end, luxurious appeal and usually come with elaborate embellishments as well.


Cotton is a safe choice for any casual event while silk sarees are a popular wedding and party wear choices. However, with the evolution of the saree, many new fabric choices have emerged. This presents women with the chance to experiment with different types of looks and stay stylish and modern even while enjoying the traditional appeal of a saree outfit.
For instance, printed sarees with bold geometric or tribal prints represent a great fusion of comfort and style. Similarly, georgette and chiffon sarees are unforgettably sensual and feminine which is why they are often seen both on television and in movies.

They are paired up with daringly cut halter neck or sleeveless blouses and chunky wooden necklaces to create a fun, earthy yet attractive look for modern women.

Designer sarees are often made of georgette and chiffon and these fabrics are frequently seen on ramps.

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